“Jesus Christ” – This is actually an offense to followers of Christ. Then again, many people who use this phrase are aware of this.
“Turn the other cheek” – This phrase is taken from Matthew 5:38 – 40. The context of this scripture has to do with not returning evil for evil.
“Render unto Caesar” – The religious leaders of Christ’s time attempted to trap him with a question of whether poll-taxes should be paid to Caesar. Christ could not be trapped by their questioning (Matthew 22:20-22; Mark 12:17). His complete statement was “Pay to Caesar the things that are Caesar’s, and to God the things that are God’s”.
“Scapegoat” – This term refers to someone who bares the blame of others. In Leviticus 16:7-10 it referred to goats that were sent into the desert with the sins of the community.
“Let there be light” – This is sometimes stated when someone enters a room and turns on the light. However, this statement is taken from Genesis 1:3 which gives an account of God’s creation of light.
“Money is the root of all evil” – This statement is a misquote from the original scripture taken from 1 Timothy 6:10. The proper context and phrasing is the “love of money is the root of all kinds of evil”. Money is just a tool, otherwise.
“Let he who is without sin” – This is taken from the John 8:7 in which Jesus responded to those who questioned him concerning whether the adulterous woman in question be stoned to death or not.
“An eye for an eye” – Many in the world take this scripture as license for revenge, but this was never the intent. The intention was more to make things equal and fair. This passage from Exodus 21:24 is in reference to a pregnant woman who has a child injured or killed due to the negligence of others.
“Am I my brother’s keeper?” – Cain presented this question to God when asked where his brother: Abel was. This was after Cain had killed him. Obviously, God new where Abel was, but sometimes asks these questions in scriptures to help the guilty party see the errors of their ways.
“Patience of Job” or “Trials of Job” – Pretty self-explanatory; Job is an Old Testament biblical figure who experiences material suffering to make him better spiritually.